The Actions of Herbs

Adaptogen: Supporting the adrenals, help the body deal with physical as well as mental stress.
Alterative: Also known as blood purifiers, are antimicrobial as well as aiding the body in eliminating metabolic waste through the kidneys, liver, lungs and lymphatic system.
Amphoteric: Normalizing, Modulating, bidirectional. (in chemistry this word is used to define a molecule that can react both as an acid or a base)
Aperient: Mildly laxative
Analgesics (Anodynes): Pain relieving.
Anti-Microbial: Fortify natural defenses, thus destroying invasive organisms.
Anti-Pyretic: Febrifuge
Anti-Spasmodic: Ease spasms and muscular tension.
Aromatic: Strong smelling, stimulating the digestive tract. Carminative. Astringent: Due to the presence of tannins, create a protective barrier against infection. Reduce inflammation. For internal bleeding, the action is called HEMOSTATIC, while for external bleeding, it is called STYPTIC.
Bitter: Bitter tasting, promote the flow of digestive juices, aiding digestion, liver function and elimination.
Cardiotonics: Good for the heart muscle.
Carminatives: Rich in volatile oils, stimulate digestion and relieve gas. They often have bitter principles and are antispasmodic.
Cholagogue: Encouraging the production of Bile. Hepatic. Laxative
Demulcents: Provide mucilage to protect and soothe inflamed or irritated internal tissue.
Diaphoretice: Promote perspiration by dialating surface capillaries and stimulating circulation.
Diuretics: Increase urine production and elimination. Beneficial to the kidneys and urinary tract.
Emetic: Causing vomiting.
Emmenagogues: Stimulate menses. Regulating female reproductive system.
Emollient: Soothe, soften and protect skin.
Expectorants: Alleviate mucous from lungs.
Febrifuge: Help reduce fevers.
Galactagogues: Increase breast milk production.
Hepatics: Benefit the Gallbladder. Tonify the liver and regulate flow of bile and other digestive secretions.
Hypnotics: Sleep inducing.
Hypotensive: Lower abnormally high blood pressure.
Laxative: Stimulate bowel functions.
Nervines: Tonics: Nourish and restore the nervous system.
Nootropic: Improve cognitive function, memory and focus.
Oxytoxic: Stimulate uterine contractions.
Pectoral: Benefit the respiratory system.
Relaxants reduce anxiety and tension by having a sedative effect on the nervous system.
Sedative: Reduce nervous tension.
Sialagogue: Stimulate salivation.
Sopoforic: Hypnotic.
Stimulant: Increase nerve activity.
Rubefacient: Applied to skin, increase blood flow to that particular spot.
Tonic: Nourish and benefit specific systems or organs of the body.
Vulnerary: Heal wounds, internal as well as external.